1. J. Wang and Z. Taha, “Method and Apparatus for Batch Injection Analysis,” U.S. Patent No. 5,192,412 (1993).

2. T. Rassmussen, J. Kulys, J. Wang and M. Ozsoz “Use of Benzene Derivatives as Charge Transfer Mediators,” Int. Patent GO1N 33/48, 27/327.

3. J. Wang, “Methods and Apparatus for Trace Metal Testing,” U.S. Patent No. 5,292,423 (1994).

4. J. Wang and K. Olsen, “Remote Electrochemical Sensor”, U.S. Patent No. 5,676, 820 (1997).

5. J. Wang and K. Olsen, “Renewable Electrochemical Sensors”, U.S. Patent No. 5,942, 103 (1999).

6. J. Wang and X. Cai, “Microfabricated DNA Chips”, U.S. Patent No. 6,063,259(2000).

7. J. Wang and M. Jian, “Doped Conducting Polymers Applications and Methods”, US Patent 6,468,785(2002).

8. J. Wang, “Delivery of Nucleotides by Electrochemical Release”, US Patent 6,514,762(2003).

9. J. Wang, “Bismuth electrodes for Metal Analysis”, US Patent 6,682,647(2004).

10. J. Wang, “Microfluidic Devices with Thick-Film Electrochemical Detectors”, US Patent 6,878,255 (2005).

11. J. Wang and X. Zhang, “Microsensors For Glucose and Insulin Monitoring”, U.S. Patent No. 6,893,552 (May 17, 2005).

12. J. Wang and P. Grundler, “Verfahren und elektrochemischer Sensor mit geheizten Elektroden für die biochemische Analytik, insbesondere zur Untersuchung von Hybridisierungsvorgängen der Nucleinsäuren”, German Patent DE 199 60 398 B4.

13. J. Wang, “Electroactive Microspheres and Methods”, US Patent 7,176,036, 2007.

14. J. Wang, K. Manesh and S. Balasubramanian, “Nanomotor-based patterning of surface microstructures”, US Patent 9,352,963 (Issued May 31, 2016).

15. “Detection of Explosives Materials”, A. Cagan and J. Wang, WO/2008/076488.

16. “Membrane Template Synthesis of Microtube Engines”, J. Wang, W. Gao, S. Sattayasamitsathit, US Patent number: 9,982,356

17. “Fuel Free Nanomotors” J. Wang, WO/2012/050928.

18. “Bioaffinity Sensors based on Ternary Surface Monolayers”, S. CAMPUZANO-RUIZ, J. Wang, US Patent Number: 9,746,468B2 (2017); PCT/US2012/023039.

19. J. Wang, J. R. Windmiller, R. Narayan, and R. Polsky, “Microneedle Arrays for Transdermal Biosensing and Drug Delivery”, PCT/US2012/053544.

20. J. Wang and G. Liu, “Bar-coded Compostionally Encoded Nanostructures”, patent pending. US2008/0156654A1.

21. G.-U. Flechsig, P. Gründler, J. Wang, Analyse-Array mit heizbaren Elektroden für die chemische und biochemische Analytik, DE-Patent 10 2004 017 750 B4 (2004), WO 2005/098438 A1.

22. “Simultaneous Electrochemical Detection of Multiple Heavy Metals”, Dimitrakopoulos, Aristotelis; Wang, Joseph, PCT International Application, WO 2009123645. (PCR/US2008/059467).

23. “Digital Magentofluidic Devices and Methods”, A. Garcia, M. Hayes, T. Picraux, J. Wang, WO/2007/101174.

24. “Enzyme-Logic Biosensing”, UCSD filed on April 2009. PCT/US11/28747.

25. “Procedure for the electrochemical treatment of a sensor device for high pressure liq. chromatog. (HPLC) and capillary electrophoresis”, G. Flechsig, J. Wang, H. Duwensee, Ger. Offen. (2009).

26. “Textile-based Printable Electrodes for Electrochemical Sensing”, J. Wang, UCSD, US Patent 9125625 B2 (Sept. 8, 2015)

27. “Nano/microscale vehicles for capture and isolation of target biomolecules and living organisms” S. Balasubramanian, S. CAMPUZANO-RUIZ, D. Kagan, J. Wang, U. S. Patent 9,879,310 (2018).

28. “Bioaffinity sensors based on surface monolayers”, J. Wang and S. Campuzano, WO 2012148516 A3.

29. J. Wang, J.R. Windmiller, A.J. Bandodkar, “Wearable electrochemical sensors”, PCT/US2013/040671.

30. J. Wang, J. R. Windmiller, R. Narayan, P. Miller, R. Polsky, T. L. Edwards, “Microneedle arrays for biosensing and drug delivery”, US Patent (2017) 9,743,870.

31. J. Wang, J. R. Windmiller, A. O’mahony, X. Cetó, M. Del Valle, “Chemometric Analysis of Chemical Agents Using Electrochemical Detection and Classification Techniques”, US Patent (2017) 20, 170, 350, 848.

32. J. Wang, P Mercier, “Salivary Biosensors and Biofuel Cells”, US Patent App. (2016) 15/112, 816.

33. J. Wang, L. Zhang, “Cellular Micromotors and Uses Thereof”, US Patent 10,653,803 (2020).

34. J. Wang, A. J. Bandodkar, P. Mercier, “Non-invasive and wearable chemical sensors and biosensors”, US Patent (2015) 20170325724A1.

35. J. Wang, I. Litvan, J. R. Windmiller, “Strip-based electrochemical sensors for quantitative analysis of analytes”, US Patent (2015), 20170226557A1

36. Wang, J., Esener, S. C., Kagan, D., Benchimol, M., and Claussen, J. “Acoustically Triggered Nano/Micro-Scale Propulsion Devices”. U. S. Patent 9,726,114 (2017).

37. Wang, J. “Fuel-Free Nanowire Motors”. U. S. Patent 9, 698, 708. (2017)

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